Unfortunately for everyone, the dentist makes the choice on the implant to use, in accordance with the patient’s discussions. To certain people this can prove mindboggling or distasteful. An educated patient will also be more confident with what happens to their teeth. Therefore the operation may not be quite so painful for the patient by finding out more about each type of implant.next
The most common form of implant used is a Root Type Dental Implant. It is basically a tooth root shaped screw. A type of implant is used if there is enough width and depth in your jawbone to accommodate the implant. If your jawbone does not have those requirements, a bone graft may be required to fuse with the screw type root to provide an area in your jawbone. The implant specialist will cut your gum, expose your jawbone and then drill one hole for each implant you need. Then the implant is inserted, and you sew the gum together. Usually three to six months later, the gum is sliced open to reveal the implant and fitted with an abutment. Then, the new tooth is connected to the abutment.
A Subperiosteal dental implant is used when the jawbone has inadequate width or length, and is not considered appropriate for bone grafting. It is a type of metal plate or frame inserted under the jawbone neighboring the gum. This is made from a lightweight material and braced to ensure that strain is uniformly distributed over the jawbone. Both electrodes are then fastened to the device tightly. After a healing period the rest of the dental implant is attached, such as the crown.
If the jawbone is too thin to be deemed appropriate for bone grafting a Plate Form dental implant is used. The plate used for this implant is flat and long, so that it fits against a narrow jawbone comfortably and securely. The implant surgeon must make a cut in the lip, and form the jawbone to the most suitable shape to accommodate the implant plate. It is then fastened to the jawbone and the gum stitched back. Three to six months could be required before the final parts of the implant are attached for the mouth to heal.
A Mini dental implant is used when the tooth or teeth to be replaced are small, such as the incisors, or when removable dentures are secured. This type of implant is about half the size of a conventional implant with the Root Shape. Consequently, the patient has less discomfort, a smoother treatment and saves both time and money. The dental implant surgeon makes a cut in the gum to insert a Mini Dental Implant, cuts a small hole in the jawbone and holds the implant in place. The abutment is automatically applied to the implant, and the tooth or dentures may be instantly secured to it.