Skin Cancer: What You Need to Know

Millions of people expose their bare skins to sunlight each year to get a lovely tan. Ultraviolet radiation exposure also increases the risk of developing skin cancer, however. Skin cancer is indeed the leading form of cancer in the US, according to figures released by the American Cancer Society. Furthermore, melanoma cases in young women have risen since 1970 by 800 per cent. While, the rise for young men during the same time is 400 per cent. Even people use tanning beds increase the risk of developing melanoma. As such, tanning devices under cancer causing agents are listed by the International Agency for Cancer Research. Click Phoenix Skin Cancer Testing for more info.

Melanoma Description This type of cancer is produced in the skin cells producing color (melanocytes). The listed cells essentially make more pigment when you expose your skin to ultraviolet rays. As a consequence, it darkenes or tans the skin. Melanoma may occur on any part of the body. It usually tends to form on the legs and arms though. Melanoma may also develop in your eye tissues (intraocular melanoma), in some cases. Risk factors for melanoma production include: • Exposure to natural or artificial ultraviolet rays (80 per cent of all melanomas).

  • Age (has tended to influence the elderly).
  • Ethnicity (more common in Caucasians);
  • History of sunburns.
  • Developing family history of moles.

Symptoms of melanoma You should always test your skin for any abnormal growth and the appearance of moles. By using the rule ABCDE (A stands for asymmetry, B stands for border irregularity, C stands for colour, D stands for diameter, and E stands for evolution), you should be able to detect and analyze almost any odd change on your skin. Some of the early warning signs that a red flag will raise include changes in the consistency of the skin, temperature, feeling and surface texture. If the early signs are not noticed, late symptoms can include painful lesions, bleeding moles or gray skin.

Diagnosis and Treatment If you have any of those signs, a professional doctor should be contacted as soon as possible. The doctor is likely to perform a skin physical exam and take samples of the skin for further examination. However, complete images of the body may also be needed. The treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy if the tests are positive for melanoma. After diagnosis, you will frequently see your doctor for check-ups and recovery evaluation.