Psoriasis treatment is aimed at accomplishing 2 main objectives:
– Treat psoriasis symptoms by removing scales and plaques
– Treat the underlying causes of psoriasis thus reducing inflammation and symptom appearance and severity
Generally, psoriasis treatment methods can be subdivided into 4 categories:
- Topical Applications
- Light Therapy
- Systemic Applications
- Dietary/Exercise Interventions
- Topical Applications
Various topical drugs exist in the form of creams and lotions for psoriasis treatment of milder cases. As a case of psoriasis worsens it becomes increasingly difficult to handle plaques and scales by means of topical medicines alone, particularly if they occur on a large percentage of the body.visit Psoriasis Treatment Near Me
There are also a variety of topical treatment solutions for psoriasis worth thinking about.
Moisturizing Creams: These creams and ointments can be useful in reducing dryness, peeling and flaking of psoriasis plaques although they don’t treat the plaques themselves.
Salicylic acid: This popular over-the-counter cream is commonly used as an acne treatment because of its ability to promote skin sloughing. For those with scalp psoriasis this medication is available in creams and shampoos.
Calcineurin inhibitors: This class of drugs is approved so far only for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. They show promise as an alternative for treating psoriasis, however, because of their presumed ability to interfere with T-cell activation, which prevents inflammation and plaque formation. Calcineurin inhibitors show particular promise in the treatment of areas of delicate skin such as those close to the eyes, where other drugs are deemed too dangerous to use. This requires special doctor approval and because of its carcinogenic potential, is not intended for long-term use.
Coal Tar: This is a very old therapy for psoriasis whose mechanisms of action have still not been thoroughly elucidated. Coal tar curbs scratching, scaling and inflammation and has few side effects that are noted. It makes quite the mess though, stains clothes and has a strong smell.
Corticosteroids: In mild and moderate instances this class of immunosuppressive medications is commonly used for diagnosis of psoriasis. Corticosteroids act to slow the process of renewal of skin cells which helps to curtail inflammation and itching. These medications decline in potency with extended use, and thus are usually used during a flare-up. Corticosteroids vary in effectiveness and are case by case prescribed.
Anthralin: This treatment for psoriasis is thought to work by normalizing the activity of DNA in the skin cells. It can be used to absorb the scale and smooth the skin even though it stains anything that comes into contact with skin even. It can be identified under the Dritho-Scalp label.
Vitamin D Analogues: The chemical structure of these synthesized compounds is similar to vitamin D. They are commonly used as a topical remedy for psoriasis, and are also used in conjunction with other treatments to treat cases of mild to severe psoriasis.
Retinoids: These are compounds derived from vitamin A, which are believed to exert a normalizing effect on skin cell DNA and reduce inflammation. They usually cause irritation to the skin, though.
- Phototherapy (lightherapeutics)
Phototherapy is a treatment for psoriasis that uses controlled quantities of light, natural or artificial, to reduce sizes, plaque formation and inflammation.
Natural sunlight exposes the patient to UV ( ultraviolet) radiation but needs to be treated in piecemeal or symptoms can get worse rather than better.
Several auxiliary light treatments are available, too.
UVB light therapy: This treatment also known as wireless UVB phototherapy includes exposure to UVB rays from an artificial light source to treat plaques with psoriasis
Narrowband UVB therapy: A relatively novel treatment for psoriasis, narrowband UVB therapy may be more successful than broadband UVB therapy but it also carries the risk of more serious skin damage.
Excimer Laser: This treatment for psoriasis is similar to UVB narrowband therapy and uses UVB light of a given wavelength. The treatment is successful but can result in blistering.
Pulsed-Dye Laser: This treatment of psoriasis uses a particular form of light to cauterize small blood vessels, which lead to plaques of psoriasis. After care, skin can get bruised and scars are a possible complication.
Goeckerman Therapy: UVB combination and coal tar combination. The coal tar makes the skin more receptive to UVB light , making a therapy that is more effective than either of the two.
Photochemotherapy: This procedure for psoriasis includes taking a drug that sensitizes the skin to light and then exposes it to UVA rays. This therapy is mostly used in cases of psoriasis which are very serious and intransigent. The treatment does, however, carry some serious potential complications such as increased risk for melanoma.